To 1840

40,000BC Years of Aboriginal residence.
1606 Quiros searches for Terra Australis and names part of Vanuatu 'La Australia del Spiritu Santo'.
1788 Jan 23 First Fleet enters Sydney Cove; Jan 25 La Perouse enters Botany Bay; Abbé Mones, his chaplain, celebrates the first Mass within Australian territory;
3 Feb 1788 First Anglican service.
1792 Catholic settlers at Parramatta petition Phillip for a chaplain.
1800 Fr James Harold & Fr James Dixon arrive as convicts.
1803 Dixon says first public Mass.
1804 March 4 Castle Hill rebellion of Irish convicts. Dixon's permit withdrawn.
1817 Aug 3 Fr Jeremiah O'Flynn arrives - without government credentials.
1818 O'Flynn arrested and deported.
1820 Fr Philip Conolly and Fr John Therry arrive as official chaplains.
1821 March, Conolly sent to Tasmania, Therry left in charge in NSW
Oct 29 Governor Macquarie lays foundation stone for St Mary's Church, on site of later cathedral.
1822 First Catholic school at Parramatta.
1826 Dec. 25 Fr Daniel Power as chaplain; Therry moves to Parramatta.
1828 First census of NSW shows 69% of the white population Protestant and 30% Catholic.
1829 WA settlement begins.
St Mary's Chapel and Precincts, Sydney, in the1830s
1830 Catholic Emancipation Act promulgated for NSW.
1831 Fr CV Dowling OP arrives as chaplain.
1832 Fr John McEncroe arrives, and Attorney-General John Plunkett.
1833 Feb 18 Dr W B Ullathorne arrives in Sydney as Vicar-General;
NSW Legislative Council makes grants for the appointment of four new chaplains, the completion of three unfinished churches, and 800 a year for schools and schoolteachers.
1834 John Bede Polding created bishop and appointed vicar-apostolic of New Holland and Van Diemen's Land
1835 Polding arrives in Sydney as bishop; first resident clergy appointed to districts.
1836 Governor Bourke's Church Act provides government funds for all major churches; John Baptist Pompallier consecrated bishop for missions in Oceania; South Australia first settlers;
Financing secured for Catholic orphanage;
foundation of St Patrick's Church, Parramatta,.
1837 Ullathorne's pamphlet The Catholic Mission in Australasia published in London and attracts Catholic support for mission.
1838 Pompallier takes up residence in Auckland; first Marist priests at Woolloomooloo; St Mary's Seminary opened at Bishop's House;
Fr Goold osa, Fr John Brady, Caroline Chisholm, Sisters of Charity arrive in Sydney;
NSW Attorney-General John Plunkett achieves the conviction of seven perpetrators of the Myall Creek Massacre.
1839 Catholic newspaper Australasian Chronicle founded.
1840 End of Transportation to NSW.

John Bede Polding, D.D, O.S.B, First Archbishop of Sydney.