|40,000BC||Years of Aboriginal residence.|
|1606||Quiros searches for Terra Australis and names part of Vanuatu 'La Australia del Spiritu Santo'.|
|1788||Jan 23 First Fleet enters Sydney Cove; Jan 25 La Perouse enters Botany Bay; Abbé Mones, his chaplain, celebrates the first Mass within Australian territory;
3 Feb 1788 First Anglican service.
|1792||Catholic settlers at Parramatta petition Phillip for a chaplain.|
|1800||Fr James Harold & Fr James Dixon arrive as convicts.|
|1803||Dixon says first public Mass.|
|1804||March 4 Castle Hill rebellion of Irish convicts. Dixon's permit withdrawn.|
|1817||Aug 3 Fr Jeremiah O'Flynn arrives - without government credentials.|
|1818||O'Flynn arrested and deported.|
|1820||Fr Philip Conolly and Fr John Therry arrive as official chaplains.|
|1821||March, Conolly sent to Tasmania, Therry left in charge in NSW
Oct 29 Governor Macquarie lays foundation stone for St Mary's Church, on site of later cathedral.
|1822||First Catholic school at Parramatta.|
|1826||Dec. 25 Fr Daniel Power as chaplain; Therry moves to Parramatta.|
|1828||First census of NSW shows 69% of the white population Protestant and 30% Catholic.|
|1829||WA settlement begins.|
St Mary's Chapel and Precincts, Sydney, in the1830s
|1830||Catholic Emancipation Act promulgated for NSW.|
|1831||Fr CV Dowling OP arrives as chaplain.|
|1833||Feb 18 Dr W B Ullathorne arrives in Sydney as Vicar-General;
NSW Legislative Council makes grants for the appointment of four new chaplains, the completion of three unfinished churches, and £800 a year for schools and schoolteachers.
|1834||John Bede Polding created bishop and appointed vicar-apostolic of New Holland and Van Diemen's Land|
|1835||Polding arrives in Sydney as bishop; first resident clergy appointed to districts.|
|1836||Governor Bourke's Church Act provides government funds for all major churches; John Baptist Pompallier consecrated bishop for missions in Oceania; South Australia first settlers;
Financing secured for Catholic orphanage;
foundation of St Patrick's Church, Parramatta,.
|1837||Ullathorne's pamphlet The Catholic Mission in Australasia published in London and attracts Catholic support for mission.|
|1838||Pompallier takes up residence in Auckland; first Marist priests at Woolloomooloo; St Mary's Seminary opened at Bishop's
Fr Goold osa, Fr John Brady, Caroline Chisholm, Sisters of Charity arrive in Sydney;
NSW Attorney-General John Plunkett achieves the conviction of seven perpetrators of the Myall Creek Massacre.
|1839||Catholic newspaper Australasian Chronicle founded.|
|1840||End of Transportation to NSW.|