1841 - 1900
|1841||Caroline Chisholm granted barracks for her Female Immigrants' Home|
|1843||Christian Brothers arrive in Sydney (leave in 1847);
3 Italian and one Swiss priest begin mission to Aborigines on Stradbroke Is;
Orange Lodge formed in Victoria to "resist ... the lawless conduct of the Popish mob".
|1844||Robert Willson arrives as first Catholic bishop of Tasmania;
Roman Catholic Orphan School opened at Parramatta with the transfer of 113 orphans from Waverley.
|1845||Bishop Brady consecrated as first bishop of Perth.|
|1846||Dom Rosendo Salvado founds the New Norcia mission (later abbey).|
|1848||Sr Scholastica Gibbons founds House of the Good Shepherd women's home;
two Austrian Jesuits arrive in South Australia;
James Goold arrives in Melbourne as first bishop.
|1849||St Peter Chanel's remains arrive in Sydney on their way back to France after his martyrdom in Futuna.|
|1850||Freeman's Journal begun by McEncroe;
Convicts sent to Western Australia; Caroline Chisholm's first chartered emigrant ship leaves London.
|1851||Victoria proclaimed a separate colony Gold rushes begin.|
|1853||Transportation ends in Van Diemen's Land (renamed Tasmania)
death of aboriginal seminarian Conaci in Rome.
|1854||First Australian conference of St Vincent de Paul Society and orphanage established in Melbourne.|
|1857||St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney established by Sisters of Charity;
Sisters of the Good Samaritan founded in Sydney;
John O'Shanassy becomes Premier of Victoria;
St John's College, University of Sydney, established by Act of Parliament.
|1859||Queensland proclaimed a colony and James Quinn appointed first Bishop of Brisbane;
Rome decides to send Irish bishops to Australia;
St Mary's Cathedral burns down;
Sr Baptist de Lacy, Rectress of St Vincent's Hospital, returns to Ireland after controversy over the provision of Protestant bibles to Protestant patients.
|1860||Bishop Geoghegan begins Catholic schools in South Australia.|
|1861||Mercy Sisters under Mother Vincent Whitty arrive in Queensland.|
|1865||St Mary's Cathedral burns down again; publication of Tenison Woods' History of the Discovery and Exploration of Australia.|
|1866||Mary MacKillop and Julian Tenison Woods begin the Sisters of St Joseph.|
|1868||Shooting of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh at Clontarf by Irishman O'Farrell leads to anti-Irish feeling; Parkes' Kiama speech blames a Fenian conspiracy;
Christian Brothers return to Melbourne.
Blessed Mary MacKillop, 1870's
|1870||Josephite sisters report Fr Keating of Kapunda for sexual abuse of children.|
|1871||Mary MacKillop excommunicated.|
|1872||State aid to Church schools abolished in Victoria;
MacKillop's excommunication revoked.
|1873||Roger Vaughan appointed coadjutor bishop to Sydney.|
|1875||State Aid to church schools withdrawn in Qld.|
|1877||Death of Polding; Roger Vaughan becomes Archbishop of Sydney.|
|1878||Opening of Xavier College, Kew.|
|1879||Vaughan's Joint Pastoral condemns public schools as "seedplots of future immorality, infidelity and lawlessness."|
|1880||Public Instruction Act (NSW) removes state aid for church schools;
Ned Kelly given the last sacraments before execution by the priest who had baptised him;
foundation of St Ignatius' College Riverview.
|1881||Foundation of St Joseph's College, Hunters Hill|
|1884||Cardinal Moran arrives in Sydney as Archbishop.|
|1885||First Plenary Council of Australian bishops.|
|1886||Thomas Carr appointed Archbishop of Melbourne;
Patrick Jennings the first Catholic premier of NSW.
|1887||Rome declares central government for Sisters of St Joseph.|
|1889||St Patrick's Seminary Manly opened.|
|1890||Mary MacKillop's brother Donald McKillop appointed Superior of the Jesuit mission in the Northern Territory.|
|1891||First Melkite priest to Australia.|
|1892||Trappist Fathers establish Beagle Bay School in the Kimberley.|
|1895||Cardinal Moran's History of the Catholic Church n Australasia published (1003 pages).|
|1899||Boer War; priests as chaplains;
Jesuit mission in Northern Territory closed after disastrous floods.
|1900||Sectarian bitterness over naming as co-respondent in divorce case of Fr Denis O'Haran, Moran's private secretary; jury finds for O'Haran in 1901.|