1901 - 2010

1901 Federation of Australia.
1905 Australian Catechism inaugurated.
1908 Harvester Judgment follows Leo XIII in declaring "reasonable and frugal comfort" the standard for a minimum wage.
1909 Death of Mary MacKillop, with her order having 1000 sisters;
St Columba's Seminary Springwood opened;
Haberfield church the first in the world to be named after newly beatified Joan of Arc.
1911 Death of Cardinal Moran; Michael Kelly appointed Archbishop of Sydney;
Catholic Federation formed in Melbourne; Francis Xavier Gsell establishes mission at Nguiu.
1913 Daniel Mannix arrives in Melbourne as Coadjutor; Eileen O'Connor founds the "Brown Nurses" to help the sick poor in their homes.
1914 World War I declared;
Ben Chifley marries in a Presbyterian church, incurring automatic excommunication.
1916 Catholic Women's Social Guild founded in Melbourne;
1916-7 conscription referendums opposed by many Catholics.
1917 James Duhig appointed Archbishop of Brisbane;
Mannix succeeds Carr as Archbishop of Melbourne.
1918 Completion of Beagle Bay Church with its pearl shell altar;
Special Intelligence Bureau investigates suspected Sinn Feiner Arthur Calwell.
1919 Democratic Party founded in NSW; Knights of the Southern Cross founded.
1920 Democratic Party fails in elections; Sister Liguori "flees" Wagga convent, leading to Catholic-Protestant controversy;
Melbourne St Patrick's Day procession led by 14 VC winners on white chargers;
Royal Navy prevents Mannix landing in Ireland;
Dr Mary Glowrey leaves Melbourne for medical missionary work in India.
St Patrick's Day Parade, Melbourne in the early 1920s
1921 Poetry anthology Around the Boree Log by "John O'Brien" (Fr Patrick Hartigan) celebrates Catholic rural life.
1924 NSW legislation to forbid the promulgation of the papal marriage decree Ne temere defeated by two votes.
1926 Frank Sheed and Maisie Ward found Sheed & Ward publishing house in London.
1928 Crowds of half a million watch the procession ending the International Eucharistic Congress in Sydney.
1929 James Scullin becomes Australia's first Prime Minister of Catholic background.
1930s Great Depression;
Maude O'Connell founds the Grey Sisters in Melbourne to help poor mothers with housework and respite.
1931 Catholic radio station 2SM opened in Sydney.
1932 Joe Lyons becomes Prime Minister.
1934 Eucharist Congress in Melbourne.
1935 Port Keats mission founded.
1936 Catholic Worker newspaper begins;
The Grail women's movement brought to Australia.
1936-7 Tension between Australian cricket captain Don Bradman and Catholic members of the team.
1936-9 Spanish Civil War.
1937 National Secretariat of Catholic Action established, with FK Maher & BA Santamaria as leaders; Norman Gilroy appointed Coadjutor to Sydney.
1939 Pius XII elected.
1939-45  World War II.
1940 Death of Archbishop Kelly; Norman Gilroy succeeds as Archbishop of Sydney;
first annual Catholic bishops's social justice statement;
foundation of Australian Catholic Historical Society;
Matthew Beovich appointed Archbishop of Adelaide.
1941 Morris West leaves the Christian Brothers and marries.
1942 Catholic Weekly begins in Sydney.
1943 Enid Lyons elected first woman member of the House of Representatives.
1945 Catholic Social Study Movement formed; Ben Chifley Prime Minister;
Arthur Calwell appointed Australia's first Minister for Immigration;
Dr Woodbury founds Aquinas Academy in Sydney to teach philosophy to laity.
1946 Gilroy appointed first Australian-born Cardinal;
Fr Murtagh's Australia: The Catholic Chapter.
1947 Calwell's agreement with International Refugee Organization begins large-scale immigration of Eastern European Displaced Persons.
1948 Anti-communist priest Dr Paddy Ryan debates communism before a crowd of 30,000 in Sydney;
Hospitaller Brothers of St John of God establish first facility in Australia at Morisset.
1951 Australian Jesuit mission to India begins.
1952 Fr Peyton's Rosary Crusade; James McAuley converts to Catholicism; mass Italian immigration to Australia begins.
1953 Eris O'Brien appointed Archbishop of Canberra and Goulburn.
1954 First number of the Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society
1955 Labor Party split pits majority of Labor Party against B.A. Santamaria's "Movement"; predominantly Catholic Democratic Labor Party formed;
Cardinal Gilroy and Eris O'Brien visit South Vietnam.
1955-70 Schools enrolment "explosion".
1959 Morris West's novel The Devil's Advocate.
1961 Eric D'Arcy's Conscience and its Right to Freedom published
1962-5 Second Vatican Council opens in Rome;
Goulburn Schools Strike increases pressure for state aid to Catholic schools.
1963 Death of John XXIII & Mannix; Paul VI elected Pope;
Morris West's The Shoes of the Fisherman the best-selling novel of the year in the U.S;
Catholic Overseas Relief Committee (later Caritas) established.
1964 Mass in English;
first direct government grants to Catholic schools;
James McAuley's epic poem Captain Quiros deals with Quiros's spiritual quest in the Pacific Ocean;
Arthur Calwell awarded Papal Knighthood.
1965 Australian Catholic Bishops Conference set up.
1967 Rosemary Goldie appointed Undersecretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity; James Knox succeeds Justin Simonds as Archbishop of Melbourne
Ronald Ryan the last person hanged in Australia, after re-converting to Catholicism.
1968 Controversies over Humanae Vitae and Vietnam;
opening of St Paul's National Seminary at Kensington;
Thomas Keneally's novel Three Cheers for the Paraclete dramatises life in St Patrick's Seminary, Manly;
publication of Patrick O'Farrell's The Catholic Church in Australia: A Short History.
1969 Cardinal Gilroy knighted, the first Cardinal to be knighted since the Reformation.
1970 Paul VI becomes first pope to visit Australia.
1971 Gilroy retires; James Freeman appointed Archbishop of Sydney;
Opus Dei opens Warrane College at UNSW;
activist priest Fr Ted Kennedy takes up work in Redfern;
Mum Shirl helps establish Aboriginal Medical Service.
1970s Substantial direct funding for Catholic schools.
1972 Sr Veronica Brady takes up position in English at University of Western Australia.
1973 First Maronite bishop in Australia.
1974 Marriage Encounter spreads to Australia;
Whitlam's appointment of Vince Gair as Ambassador to Ireland initiates constitutional crisis;
Frank Little appointed Archbishop of Melbourne.
1975 Patrick Dodson ordained, first Aboriginal priest;
Indonesian invasion of East Timor results in refugees coming to Australia.
1976 Australia declared no longer a mission country by Rome.
1977 The Uniting Church founded;
St Columba's Seminary closed.
1978 John Paul II elected Pope.
1979 Australian acceptance of boat people from Vietnam begins large-scale Asian immigration, including Catholics.
1982 Freeman retires; Edward Clancy becomes Archbishop of Sydney.
1986 John Paul II visits Australia
first census in which Catholics were the largest denomination in Australia;
Broken Bay and Parramatta dioceses set up.
1987 Tony Abbott leaves St Patrick's Seminary before ordination;
Edmund Campion's Australian Catholics published.
1988 AD2000 magazine founded to promote traditionalist values;
Eric D'Arcy appointed Archbishop of Hobart.
1989 University of Notre Dame, Australia established in Fremantle;
Cardinal Cassidy appointed President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.
1991 Sr Irene McCormack murdered by Maoist guerrillas in Peru;
Australian Catholic University established from the amalgamation of four tertiary colleges;
Brides of Christ TV miniseries dramatises convent life in the 1960s.
1992 The Leaving of Liverpool TV drama series calls attention to the abuse of child migrants;
High Court's Mabo decision on native title influenced by Catholic natural law theory.
1995 Mary McKillop declared Blessed;
Closure of St Patrick's Seminary, Manly.
1996 Bishops establish "Towards Healing" process to deal with complaints of abuse of minors by clergy;
William Deane appointed Governor-General;
George Pell succeeds Frank Little as Archbishop of Melbourne.
1998 Catholic spokesmen agree to thawing and destruction of thousands of frozen embryos left over from IVF.
1999 Threat of Australian military action significant in the formation of Asia's second Christian nation, East Timor.
2000 Spires of St Mary's Cathedral completed, with generous State government assistance.
2001 George Pell appointed Archbishop of Sydney.
2003 Reporter Mike Willesee speaks of his rediscovery of Catholicism.
2004 Mel Gibson's movie The Passion of the Christ released.
2005 Connor Court Publishing established
widespread prayers before the execution of drug trafficker Van Tuong Nguyen in Singapore.
2006 University of Notre Dame Sydney campus established;
Campion College liberal arts college in Western Sydney takes in first students;
Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban marry in Cerretti Chapel, Manly.
2007 Bishop Geoffrey Robinson's Confronting Power and Sex in the Catholic Church published.
2008 World Youth Day held in Sydney, with visit of Pope Benedict XVI.
2010 Mary Mackillop canonised, the first Australian to be canonised.
B. A. Santamaria