1841 to 1900

1841Caroline Chisholm granted barracks for her Female Immigrants’ Home
1842Polding named Archbishop of Sydney;
Mary MacKillop baptised in Melbourne
1843Christian Brothers arrive in Sydney (leave in 1847);
first Catholc church in WA begins construction;
first mass in Brisbane;
3 Italian and one Swiss priest begin mission to Aborigines on Stradbroke Is;
Orange Lodge formed in Victoria to “resist … the lawless conduct of the Popish mob”
1844Robert Willson arrives as first Catholic bishop of Hobart;
Roman Catholic Orphan School opened at Parramatta with the transfer of 113 orphans from Waverley
1845Bishop Brady consecrated as first bishop of Perth.
1846Dom Rosendo Salvado founds the New Norcia mission (later abbey);
Fr Angelo Confalonieri arrives in Port Essington as the first missionary in Northern Australia
1848Sr Scholastica Gibbons founds House of the Good Shepherd women’s home; Benedictine nuns arrive in Sydney;
two Austrian Jesuits arrive in South Australia;
James Goold arrives in Melbourne as first bishop
1849St Peter Chanel‘s remains arrive in Sydney on their way back to France after his martyrdom in Futuna
1850Freeman’s Journal begun by McEncroe;
Convicts sent to Western Australia; Caroline Chisholm’s first chartered emigrant ship leaves London
1851Victoria proclaimed a separate colony; Gold rushes begin;
Henry Parkes attacks Catholicism as a “grovelling superstition”
1853Transportation ends in Van Diemen’s Land (renamed Tasmania);
death of aboriginal seminarian Conaci in Rome
1854First Australian conference of St Vincent de Paul Society and orphanage established in Melbourne;
Fr Patrick Smyth calls for peaceful resistance at Eureka Stockade
1857St Vincent’s Hospital, Sydney established by Sisters of Charity;
Sisters of the Good Samaritan founded in Sydney;
John O’Shanassy becomes Premier of Victoria;
St John’s College, University of Sydney, established by Act of Parliament
1859Queensland proclaimed a colony and James Quinn appointed first Bishop of Brisbane;
Rome decides to send Irish bishops to Australia;
Sr Baptist de Lacy, Rectress of St Vincent’s Hospital, returns to Ireland after controversy over the provision of Protestant bibles to Protestant patients
1860Bishop Geoghegan begins Catholic schools in South Australia;
Maitland riot prevents lecture on ‘The heathenism of Popery’
1861Mercy Sisters under Mother Vincent Whitty arrive in Queensland
1865St Mary’s Cathedral burns down; publication of Tenison Woods’ History of the Discovery and Exploration of Australia
1866Mary MacKillop and Julian Tenison Woods begin the Sisters of St Joseph
1868Shooting of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh at Clontarf by Irishman O’Farrell leads to anti-Irish feeling, Parkes’ Kiama speech blames a Fenian conspiracy;
Christian Brothers return to Melbourne;
Hibernian Australasian Catholic Benefit Society founded
Blessed Mary MacKillop 1870s
Blessed Mary MacKillop, 1870s.
1869Bishops’ pastoral letter declares white men have “too often been apostles of Satin” in dealing with aboriginals;
temporary St Mary’s Cathedral burns down again
1870Josephite sisters report Fr Keating of Kapunda for sexual abuse of children
1871Mary MacKillop excommunicated
1872State aid to Church schools abolished in Victoria;
MacKillop’s excommunication revoked;
Marist Brothers under Br Ludovic begin teaching in Sydney
1873Roger Vaughan appointed coadjutor bishop to Sydney
1875State Aid to church schools withdrawn in Qld
1876Vaughan’s speech ‘Hidden Springs‘ attributes the campaign for secular education to a Masonic conspiracy
1877Death of Polding; Vaughan becomes Archbishop of Sydney
1878Opening of Xavier College, Kew
1879Vaughan’s Joint Pastoral condemns public schools as “seedplots of future immorality, infidelity and lawlessness”
1880Public Instruction Act (NSW) removes state aid for church schools;
Ned Kelly given the last sacraments before execution;
foundation of St Ignatius’ College Riverview
1881Foundation of St Joseph’s College, Hunters Hill;
St Vincent de Paul Society reestablished in Sydney
1883Death of Archbishop Vaughan;
Edmund Vaughan‘s Australian Catholic Hymnal published
1884Patrick Francis Moran arrives in Sydney as Archbishop;
Little Sisters of the Poor begin aged care in Melbourne
1885First Plenary Council of Australian bishops;
Moran appointed the first Australian cardinal
1886Thomas Carr appointed Archbishop of Melbourne;
Patrick Jennings the first Catholic premier of NSW
1887Rome declares central government for Sisters of St Joseph
1888Cardinal Moran speaks against anti-Chinese immigration legislation
1889St Patrick’s Seminary Manly opened.
1890Mary MacKillop’s brother Donald McKillop appointed Superior of the Jesuit mission in the Northern Territory
1891Foundation stone laid of first Melkite church in Australia;
Moran’s Rights and Duties of Labour calls for religion to “heal the many festering wounds of society”
1892Trappist Fathers establish Beagle Bay School in the Kimberley;
Austral Light magazine founded in Melbourne;
W.N. Bull funerals founded
1893Sisters of Charity found St Vincent’s Hospital, Melbourne
1894Gertrude Abbott founds St Margaret’s maternity hospital in inner Sydney
1895Cardinal Moran’s History of the Catholic Church in Australasia published (1003 pages)
1896Moran speaks at Bathurst in favour of Federation
1897Patrick Vincent Dwyer appointed the first Australian-born Catholic bishop;
PM Glynn persuades Federal Convention to insert reference to God in preamble to Australian Constitution;
Sacred Heart Monastery, Kensington NSW opened
1899Jesuit mission in Northern Territory abandoned after disastrous floods
1900Sectarian bitterness over naming as co-respondent in divorce case of Fr Denis O’Haran, Moran’s private secretary; jury finds for O’Haran in 1901;
Chaplain Fr Timoney protests against treatment of Boers;
First Australasian Catholic Congress, Sydney