|1901||Federation of Australia.|
|1905||Australian Catechism inaugurated.|
|1908||Harvester Judgment follows Leo XIII in declaring “reasonable and frugal comfort” the standard for a minimum wage.|
|1909||Death of Mary MacKillop, with her order having 1000 sisters;|
St Columba’s Seminary Springwood opened;
Haberfield church the first in the world to be named after newly beatified Joan of Arc.
|1911||Death of Cardinal Moran; Michael Kelly appointed Archbishop of Sydney;|
Catholic Federation formed in Melbourne; Francis Xavier Gsell establishes mission at Nguiu.
|1913||Daniel Mannix arrives in Melbourne as Coadjutor; Eileen O’Connor founds the “Brown Nurses” to help the sick poor in their homes.|
|1914||World War I declared;|
Ben Chifley marries in a Presbyterian church, incurring automatic excommunication.
|1916||Catholic Women’s Social Guild founded in Melbourne;|
1916-7 conscription referendums opposed by many Catholics.
|1917||James Duhig appointed Archbishop of Brisbane;|
Mannix succeeds Carr as Archbishop of Melbourne.
|1918||Completion of Beagle Bay Church with its pearl shell altar;|
Special Intelligence Bureau investigates suspected Sinn Feiner Arthur Calwell.
|1919||Democratic Party founded in NSW; Knights of the Southern Cross founded.|
|1920||Democratic Party fails in elections; Sister Liguori “flees” Wagga convent, leading to Catholic-Protestant controversy;|
Melbourne St Patrick’s Day procession led by 14 VC winners on white chargers;
Royal Navy prevents Mannix landing in Ireland;
Dr Mary Glowrey leaves Melbourne for medical missionary work in India.
|1921||Poetry anthology Around the Boree Log by “John O’Brien” (Fr Patrick Hartigan) celebrates the virtues of Catholic rural life.|
|1924||NSW legislation to forbid the promulgation of the papal marriage decree Ne temere defeated by two votes.|
|1925||Silent film of Around the Boree Log (Part 1, 41MB) (Courtesy of the National Film and Sound Archive)|
|1926||Frank Sheed and Maisie Ward found Sheed & Ward publishing house in London.|
|1928||Crowds of half a million watch the procession ending the International Eucharistic Congress in Sydney.|
|1929||James Scullin becomes Australia’s first Prime Minister of Catholic background.|
|1930||Maude O’Connell founds the Grey Sisters in Melbourne to help poor mothers with housework and respite.|
|1931||Catholic radio station 2SM opened in Sydney.|
|1932||Joe Lyons becomes Prime Minister.|
|1934||Eucharistic Congress in Melbourne. (newsreel)|
|1935||Port Keats mission founded.|
|1936||Catholic Worker newspaper begins;|
The Grail women’s movement brought to Australia.
|1936-7||Tension between Australian cricket captain Don Bradman and Catholic members of the team.|
|1936-9||Spanish Civil War divides Catholic opinion in Australia|
|1937||National Secretariat of Catholic Action established, with FK Maher & BA Santamaria as leaders; Norman Gilroy appointed Coadjutor to Sydney.|
|1939||Pius XII elected.|
|1939-45||World War II.|
|1940||Death of Archbishop Kelly (newsreel); Norman Gilroy succeeds as Archbishop of Sydney;|
first annual Catholic bishops’s social justice statement;
foundation of Australian Catholic Historical Society;
Matthew Beovich appointed Archbishop of Adelaide.
|1941||Morris West leaves the Christian Brothers and marries.|
|1942||Catholic Weekly begins in Sydney.|
|1943||Enid Lyons elected first woman member of the House of Representatives.|
|1944||Death in action of war photographer Damien Parer|
|1945||Catholic Social Study Movement formed; Ben Chifley Prime Minister;|
Arthur Calwell appointed Australia’s first Minister for Immigration;
Dr Woodbury founds Aquinas Academy in Sydney to teach philosophy to laity; publication of Bernard O’Reilly‘s memoir of poor Catholic rural life, Cullenbenbong and of B.A. Santamaria’s The Earth Our Mother promoting rural settlement.
|1946||Gilroy appointed first Australian-born Cardinal;|
Fr Murtagh‘s Australia: The Catholic Chapter.
|1947||Calwell’s agreement with International Refugee Organization begins large-scale immigration of Eastern European Displaced Persons.|
|1948||Anti-communist priest Dr Paddy Ryan debates communism before a crowd of 30,000 in Sydney;|
Hospitaller Brothers of St John of God establish first facility in Australia at Morisset.
|1951||Australian Jesuit mission to India begins;|
Justin O’Brien’s The Virgin Enthroned wins the first Blake Prize for religious art
|1952||James McAuley converts to Catholicism; mass Italian immigration to Australia begins.|
|1953||Eris O’Brien appointed Archbishop of Canberra and Goulburn; 150,000 attend Fr Peyton’s Rosary Crusade in Melbourne|
|1954||First issue of the Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society|
|1955||Labor Party split pits majority of Labor Party against B.A. Santamaria‘s “Movement”; predominantly Catholic Democratic Labor Party formed;|
Cardinal Gilroy and Eris O’Brien visit South Vietnam.
|1955-70||Schools enrolment “explosion”.|
|1959||Morris West’s novel The Devil’s Advocate.|
|1961||Eric D’Arcy’s Conscience and its Right to Freedom published|
|1962-5||Second Vatican Council opens in Rome;|
Goulburn Schools Strike increases pressure for state aid to Catholic schools.
|1963||Death of John XXIII & Mannix; Paul VI elected Pope;|
Morris West’s The Shoes of the Fisherman the best-selling novel of the year in the U.S;
Catholic Overseas Relief Committee (later Caritas) established.
|1964||Mass in English;|
first direct government grants to Catholic schools;
James McAuley’s epic poem Captain Quiros deals with Quiros’s spiritual quest in the Pacific Ocean;
Arthur Calwell awarded Papal Knighthood.
|1965||Australian Catholic Bishops Conference set up.|
|1967||Rosemary Goldie appointed Undersecretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity; James Knox succeeds Justin Simonds as Archbishop of Melbourne|
Ronald Ryan the last person hanged in Australia, after re-converting to Catholicism.
|1968||Controversies over Humanae Vitae and Vietnam;|
opening of St Paul’s National Seminary at Kensington;
Thomas Keneally‘s novel Three Cheers for the Paraclete dramatises life in St Patrick’s Seminary, Manly;
publication of Patrick O’Farrell‘s The Catholic Church in Australia: A Short History.
|1969||Cardinal Gilroy knighted, the first Cardinal to be knighted since the Reformation.|
|1970||Paul VI becomes first pope to visit Australia;|
Opus Dei opens Warrane College at UNSW
|1971||Gilroy retires; James Freeman appointed Archbishop of Sydney;|
activist priest Fr Ted Kennedy takes up work in Redfern;
Mum Shirl helps establish Aboriginal Medical Service;
Barry Oakley’s play The Feet of Daniel Mannix opens
|1970s||Substantial direct funding for Catholic schools.|
|1972||Sr Veronica Brady takes up position in English at University of Western Australia.|
|1973||First Maronite bishop in Australia;|
Peter Kenna’s A Hard God first performed;
Sister Janet Mead’s rock version of the Lord’s Prayer.
|1974||Marriage Encounter spreads to Australia;|
Whitlam’s appointment of Vince Gair as Ambassador to Ireland initiates constitutional crisis;
Frank Little appointed Archbishop of Melbourne.
|1975||Patrick Dodson ordained, first Aboriginal priest;|
opening of Ron Blair’s play The Christian Brothers;
Indonesian invasion of East Timor results in refugees coming to Australia.
|1976||Australia declared no longer a mission country by Rome.|
|1977||St Columba’s Seminary closed.|
|1978||John Paul II elected Pope.|
|1979||Australian acceptance of boat people from Vietnam begins large-scale Asian immigration, including Catholics.|
|1982||Freeman retires; Edward Clancy becomes Archbishop of Sydney.|
|1986||John Paul II visits Australia (newsreel);|
first census in which Catholics were the largest denomination in Australia;
Broken Bay and Parramatta dioceses set up.
|1987||Tony Abbott leaves St Patrick’s Seminary before ordination;|
Edmund Campion‘s Australian Catholics published.
|1988||AD2000 magazine founded to promote traditionalist values;|
Eric D’Arcy appointed Archbishop of Hobart.
|1989||University of Notre Dame, Australia established in Fremantle;|
Cardinal Cassidy appointed President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.
|1991||Sr Irene McCormack murdered by Maoist guerrillas in Peru;|
Australian Catholic University established from the amalgamation of four tertiary colleges;
Brides of Christ TV miniseries dramatises convent life in the 1960s.
|1992||The Leaving of Liverpool TV drama series calls attention to the abuse of child migrants;|
High Court’s Mabo decision on native title influenced by Catholic natural law theory.
|1995||Mary McKillop declared Blessed;|
Closure of St Patrick’s Seminary, Manly.
|1996||Bishops establish “Towards Healing” process to deal with complaints of abuse of minors by clergy;|
William Deane appointed Governor-General;
George Pell succeeds Frank Little as Archbishop of Melbourne.
|1998||Catholic spokesmen agree to thawing and destruction of thousands of frozen embryos left over from IVF.|
|1999||Threat of Australian military action significant in the formation of Asia’s second Christian nation, East Timor, international force led by Peter Cosgrove.|
|2000||Spires of St Mary’s Cathedral Sydney|
completed, with generous State government assistance.
|2001||George Pell appointed Archbishop of Sydney.|
|2003||Reporter Mike Willesee speaks of his rediscovery of Catholicism.|
|2004||Mel Gibson’s movie The Passion of the Christ released.|
|2005||Connor Court Publishing established;|
Widespread prayers before the execution of drug trafficker Van Tuong Nguyen in Singapore.
|2006||University of Notre Dame Sydney campus established;|
Campion College liberal arts college in Western Sydney takes in first students;
Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban marry in Cerretti Chapel, Manly.
|2007||Bishop Geoffrey Robinson‘s Confronting Power and Sex in the Catholic Church published.|
|2008||World Youth Day held in Sydney, with visit of Pope Benedict XVI. (newsreel)|
|2010||Mary Mackillop canonised, the first Australian to be canonised. (newsreel)|
The ACHS Timeline